West Hollywood, a vibrant and culturally diverse city in Los Angeles County, has a rich history that dates back to the early 20th century. From its humble beginnings as an unincorporated area to its emergence as a progressive and inclusive community, West Hollywood underwent significant transformations between 1922 and 1931. Let’s dive into the history and development of West Hollywood during this pivotal period, shedding light on the social, cultural, and political factors that shaped the city's identity.
In 1922, West Hollywood, originally known as Sherman, was officially incorporated as a city. The area primarily consisted of unincorporated land and several smaller communities, including Sherman and Crescent Heights. With a population of around 2,000, West Hollywood began to assert its independence and establish its own municipal services, marking the first steps in its development as a distinct entity.
The burgeoning film industry in nearby Hollywood played a significant role in West Hollywood's growth during this period. The city's proximity to the movie studios and the allure of the glamorous Hollywood lifestyle attracted many industry professionals, actors, and artists to the area. As a result, West Hollywood became a hub for entertainment and creativity, with the presence of film studios, production companies, and aspiring talents contributing to the city's cultural vibrancy.
Between 1922 and 1931, West Hollywood witnessed a wave of architectural development that shaped its physical landscape. The rise of Spanish Colonial Revival and Mediterranean Revival architectural styles greatly influenced the design of residential and commercial buildings in the area. Notable examples include the Andalusia Apartments and the Schindler House, which showcased the blend of modernist and traditional elements. These architectural gems, along with the city's unique street layout, contributed to West Hollywood's distinct charm and character.
West Hollywood emerged as a progressive and inclusive community during this period. The city became a safe haven for individuals seeking alternative lifestyles and creative freedom. The LGBTQ+ community found solace in West Hollywood, establishing a vibrant presence that would continue to grow over the years. Establishments like The Garden of Allah, a renowned hotel and gathering place for artists and intellectuals, became iconic symbols of the city's openness and acceptance.
The early years of West Hollywood were marked by political changes and challenges. The city witnessed a shift in governance and political ideologies. The formation of a municipal government allowed residents to shape the future of the city through local policies and decisions. West Hollywood's leaders embraced progressive values, advocating for workers' rights, social justice, and environmental initiatives. These efforts laid the foundation for the city's ongoing commitment to social activism and political engagement.
During the 1920s and early 1930s, West Hollywood experienced notable economic growth. Along Santa Monica Boulevard and the Sunset Strip, commercial districts flourished, offering a diverse array of shops, theaters, restaurants, and nightclubs. These vibrant hubs became magnets for locals and tourists alike, contributing to the city's reputation as an entertainment and nightlife destination.
The period from 1922 to 1931 was transformative for West Hollywood, as the city forged its unique identity and solidified its place as a progressive and inclusive community. Through the convergence of factors such as the movie industry, architectural development, social progressivism, and political evolution, West Hollywood evolved into a cultural epicenter. Its commitment to diversity, artistic expression, and civic engagement set the stage for the city's ongoing growth and continued reputation as a vibrant and inclusive enclave within the larger Los Angeles landscape.
Pic 1: 1922
Pic 2: 1931
Both pics from the USC Archives.